Orton Gillingham programs

All Orton-Gillingham programs have these features in common:
  • Phonology (study of sounds) and Phonological Awareness –the ability to segment words into their component sounds.
  • Sound-symbol association-mapping speech to print
  • Syllable instruction- teaching of the six basic types of syllables in the English language and the rules that dictate syllable division.
  • Morphology-the study of how roots and affixes combine to form words and convey meaning.
  • Syntax-the set of rules which dictate the sequence of words in a sentence; this includes grammar and the mechanics of language
  • Multi-sensory-using all learning pathways in the brain (visual, auditory, kinesthetic-tactile)
  • Systematic and cumulative-material is organized in the logical order of the language beginning with the simplest and progressing to the more difficult
  • Direct Instruction-direct teaching of all concepts with continuous student-teacher interaction.
  • Diagnostic teaching- the teaching plan is based on continuous monitoring of the student’s needs.  Everything taught is learned so that it becomes automatic before moving forward to the next step.
  • Synthetic and analytic instruction-Synthetic is used in spelling and writing (which are harder than reading) and they require combining the parts of language to form whole words; reading requires the analytic instruction which teaches how reading can be broken down into its component parts.
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About Kate Kresse

I love to write, I love to talk, I love to uplift people when I can. I am a woman in love with life. I am a wife, mom, tutor, writer, and I am a perennial optimist. (OK not every single minute but you get the point! :-)
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