History of Dyslexia
Dyslexia was coined by Berlin, a German ophthalmologist in 1887. Dys means bad from the Greek language; the root lexia is also from Greek which relates to the written word. In 1896 a British ophthalmologist, Hinshelwood, called Dyslexia “word-blindness”. Dyslexia was not defined more until 1925, when Dr. Samuel T. Orton further defined Dyslexia in regards to letter reversal errors and emphasized that dyslexic persons’ intelligence test scores do not correlate with their reading ability. In 1936, Dr. Orton and Ms. Anna Gillingham established the “Orton-Gillingham approach”, which referred to their structured, sequential and multi-sensory techniques. Programs incorporating the Orton-Gillingham approach are widely used today by therapist and teachers who are specifically trained in this approach Dr.Orton, well-respected in his field, founded the Orton Dyslexia Society to promote advocacy programs for Dyslexia. Today, the society is known as The International Dyslexia Association.